Hydroponics at Home for Beginners
Before going to start Hydroponics at home, lets us understand hydroponic farming methods and best option for beginners.
Hydroponics at home, How to get started?If you are beginner to hydroponics don’t start with hydroponics systems. We recommend to start with container, so that you can learn basics of hydroponics and understand hydroponics farming techniques. Once you familiar with fundamentals of hydroponics methods, then start with hydroponics systems, later do your own research on different hydroponic system and then you will understand how hydroponic technology works.
Starting, buy Hydroponics kits from local store or online. There are different options available for growing hydroponically. To make you understand easy and better way. We have explained below How to build a vegetable terrace garden with coco-peat growing medium method.
Material Required (Hydroponics kits)
- Polythene Grow bag
- Vegetable Seeds
- Seedling tray
- Hydroponics nutrient solution
- Ph and EC meter
- Plastic water Sprayer
Hydroponics at home, step by step guide
Selection of Terrace Place, (Step 1)
start with 200 sft, Select the place for growing vegetables on terrace (roof top) or any other place where we get good sunlight. Ensure proper water facilities which is very important.
Preparation of coco-peat with grow bags, (Step 2)
Take the sealed polythene grow bags & put compressed coco-peat brick inside the bag.
Add enough fresh water on the coco-peat brick.
Allow the brick to soak for 5 to 10 minutes
After adding water, the coco peat volume will expand up to 4 to 5 times, Make 4 holes at the side walls nearer to the bottom of the bag for draining the excess water.(generally grow bags comes with bottom holes)
Arrangement of grow bags (Step 3)
Arrange the grow bags on the polythene sheet in four rows with a spacing of 1 feet between bags on either side, (or as per space available)
Selection of seeds for hydroponics at home (Step 4)
Technically, any vegetable can be grown in a Hydroponics, provided the grow bag is large enough to accommodate the roots. Those with shallow roots and with bushy growth habits are more suitable for Hydroponics gardening. Leafy greens, Tomatoes, Cucumber, Chillies, beans, radishes, Peppermint, and Herbal plants, are all generally well-suited to Hydroponics culture.
Seed Sowing, hydroponics plant (Step 5)
Leafy vegetable seeds like Spinach, coriander and Leaf Cabbage are directly sown in the growing medium and then pressed by finger. The depth of the seed sowing should be 1 inch for leafy vegetables and for fruiting vegetables should be 2 to 3 inch depth.
Hydroponic Nutrients Solution (Step 6)
Growing Plants hydroponically need a lot of care and attention for nutrient solution. It is essential to provide the rich nutrient solution to the plants carefully depending upon the season, growing medium, kind of crops.
What is Hydroponics nutrient solution?
Hydroponics nutrient solution is a term used to describe the dissolved natural fertilizer in water.
Hydroponics Nutrients are available in powder or liquid form. Both are popular in India
pH & EC Test, Check Regularly (Step 7)
It is important to check the actual pH & EC of the nutrient solution regularly. The optimal pH must be 5.5 to 6.5 (slightly acidic).Micro hydroponics nutrients are reachable to the plants in slightly acidic, but pH down below the optimal level causes micro nutrient toxicity. Valuation of EC helps you to choose when should you replace or dilute the specific nutrient solutions with fresh water.
Pest and Disease Management (Step 8)
Based on the growth form and climatic condition, vegetables are attacked by various diseases and pests.
Mealybugs, thrips, Aphids and jassids are small sucking pests, injuring the hydroponic plants especially in the early stages of plant growth. This will be controlled by spraying with garlic, ginger and chilli extract which can be prepared in the respective households once in a week during the vegetative stage.
Harvesting (Step 9)
Vegetables should be harvested at the peak of maturity and used promptly, which will be superior in nutritional content, freshness, flavor and appearance. Leafy Green vegetables should be picked up regularly when tender. Root vegetables could be pulled out when mature.