What is Hydroponics Farming?
Hydroponics farming is the cultivation of growing plant without soil by using a hydroponic nutrient solution.
How Hydroponics Works.?Actually Plants do not need soil, however they need the vitamins and minerals that soil can provide for plant. Hydroponics is simply the cultivating of plants without soil. The plants also need light, carbon dioxide, water, and oxygen at the bottom of root zone. In hydroponics farming, plants are grown in an inert medium such as coco peat or rocks. Hydroponic plants are provided a solution containing an appropriate mix of primary hydroponic nutrient Solutions, secondary and micro nutrient solutions.Advantages of Hydroponics farming
- Higher yield, 20 times more production than traditional farming
- Only 10% water required, save 90 % Water using hydroponics farming
- Produce more with less space and lest time: Great for Home gardening and urban framing.
- No soil is required : No soil means no weeds, so plants grown hydroponically without pesticide
- Off season production 100% whole year cultivation: effectively satisfying market demand with good price.
- Plants grows faster and healthier : hydroponics farming is really a much more economical and profitable method than traditional farming.
What can you grow with hydroponics?Almost any type of plants can be grown hydroponically, such as veggies, herbs, fruits and also flowers. Hydroponics is widely used by vegetable growers and farmers throughout India. Whether hydroponics farming is used indoors or outdoors, a very carefully controlled environment is important to hydroponic farming success. The three main factors to be consider for any hydroponics projects. Those are, a good humidity, air circulation and temperature.
As proven by research activities, including field tests, hydroponics is really a much more economical and profitable method than traditional agricultural farming.Why hydroponics farming.?
- Plants grows faster and healthier
- Grow media is recyclable, sustainable & environmentally friendly
- Avoids soil toxicity, compaction and aerates the roots
- No digging, less bending, no weeds, more control and more success
- Uses organic nutrients and natural minerals with perfect pH and EC each time
- Avoids soil borne diseases and bacteria, such as rhizoctonia, phytopthora and soil nematodes
Hydroponics Farming vs Soil farming
Comparison of Hydroponics Farming and Soil farming yield productions
Basics of Hydroponics Farming
In hydroponics, all of the essential plants nutrients are dissolved with good quality water and are mainly in organic and natural form. The actual nutrient requirement varies for each plants, so nutrient solutions should be well prepared so that all the micro and macro nutrients are distributed around the plants. Micro nutrient (trace elements) are necessary for healthy development of plants. When insufficiency in some of the trace elements results in plant stress, becomes at risk of pest and diseases. Well formulated nutrient solutions are readily available now in India and other countries.
Since you are growing without soil, you will need something else to hold your plants root system together. The more effective growing mediums will most certainly be chemically inert so they won’t harm your overall plants or impact your nutrient solutions.
Coco Peat is a natural substance taken from the coconut husk, aged and refined to remove salt. It is actually suited for run to waste system and it is replaced at plants harvest time. Aquaponics WA Coco Peats is also absolutely suited to worm farm.
Perlite is a volcanic mineral, whenever heated explodes just like popcorn. Very light waight, sterile and pH neutral.
Grow Rock is a Lightweight expanded clay Pellets, it’s Drain quickly & it has pH neutral quality, it is a type of clay which has super fired to create absorbent texture. It is good enough to provide support for your plats. Grow rocks are non-degradable, sterile medium that holds moisture, it’s widely used in ebb & flow and water culture.
pH and EC of the Nutrient solution
It is essential to check the actual pH and EC of the nutrient solutions regularly. The optimum pH must be 5.8 to 6.3 (slightly acidic).Micro nutrients are accessible to the plant in slightly acidic pH, but pH down below the optimum level causes micro-nutrient toxicity. Evaluation of EC helps you to decide when should you replace or dilute the particular nutrient solutions with fresh water
Hydroponic Systems are easiest solution for every hydroponics projects. Even beginners, to begin with hydroponic vegetable gardening. The different types of Hydroponic kits available for home hydroponic gardening and commercial hydroponic projects. You can design your personalized system according to your hydroponics farming requirements. There are 6 basic types of hydroponic systems are available in market. Wick system, Deep water culture, Ebb and flow System. There are just a few of the hydroponic systems presently available in India. It is considered more practical than traditional soil based farming.
History of Hydroponics.?In the 1600s early, The British scientist, father of the scientific method Sir Francis Bacon, conducted formal study on hydroponics, which he termed “water culture.” In the 20th century Later Laboratory experiments continued. In 1929, Dr.William F. Gericke applied the hydroponics research experiments to large scale commercial hydroponics applications, from there, the modern hydroponics commercial movement was born. So he called growing plants with nutriculture hydroponics systems. Hydroponics became more popularized by the news and Media in the 1937.
Hydroponics comes from the Greek language.
Hydro means “water” Ponos means “work”
Hydroponics, it’s literally means let the water do the work.
Hydroponics farming is often defined as, “growing plants without soil”